A Quick Guide to Vaccinations for Your Puppy
Vaccinations are biological agents which are administered to an animal to provide them with immunity to certain diseases and illnesses.
Although they can sometimes cause discomfort, vaccinations are essential for your puppy’s health and wellbeing, so they should never be avoided. If you’re unsure about when or why your puppy should be vaccinated, here’s a quick guide to clear up any uncertainty.
Why puppies need to be vaccinated
Vaccinating your puppy is the best way to keep them, and other dogs around them, safe against long and short-term illnesses. In fact, when a large portion of dogs in one area have been vaccinated, the risk of illness amongst the dogs in that area decreases, even for those who have not been vaccinated.
We spoke to Aylesbury Vets who said: “Older dogs can, of course, get vaccinations, but puppies don’t have the same strengthened immune system that an older dog has, which is why it’s crucial for dogs to be vaccinated at a young age.
“Because of this, it’s strongly recommended that owners do not let their puppies out of the house until they’ve had their vaccinations.”
What vaccinations protect puppies against
There are many vaccinations against canine illness which your puppy can have, but the standard vaccinations combat:
- Canine Parvovirus
- Canine Distemper
- Canine Parainfluenza Virus
- Infectious Canine Hepatitis
- Kennel Cough
When your puppy should be vaccinated
During the first few weeks of a puppy’s life, they’re somewhat protected against internal infections by the milk of their mothers. However, their mother’s milk will only keep them protected for the first few weeks, after that time, it is crucial that you get your puppy properly vaccinated.
Vaccinations come in a two-stage process and the initial vaccination is usually given when the puppy is between seven and eight weeks old; the second vaccination is usually administered two weeks after the first. However, once the second vaccination is administered, it’s important that you wait one week before letting your puppy outside.
It’s highly recommended that your puppy receives booster vaccinations one year after their initial vaccinations.
If your puppy is without its mother during the first few weeks of its life, here’s how you can feed them properly.
How vaccinations are administered
Most vaccinations come in the form of an injection, other than the vaccine for kennel cough which is given in the form of a nasal spray, by a vet, usually at the veterinary surgery, although home consultations are possible at an additional cost.
The risks of vaccination
Although it is extremely uncommon, there are cases where some puppies experience adverse effects from being vaccinated. Because of this, your puppy should always be in good health when being vaccinated and, if this is not the case, you should address any health concerns to the vet before vaccination occurs.
Some puppies will develop a rash around the area of skin where the vaccination was given and they may become subdued for a couple of days after vaccination – this is very common and should not be a cause for concern if it only lasts for a couple of days.
If you’re fearful that your puppy may be distressed by the vaccinations, here are some techniques to help.